Those verses in the Veda that amplify the greatness of man, his soul’s journey, and his ultimate purpose are
termed as Upanishad. Upanishad means essential guiding principle. It is a shrugging off of conflict, frustration, fear, & turmoil. Upanishad means being in sync with Time and Ambience, and Understanding each other’s Viewpoint.
This edition gives a crisp, tight rendering of original thought using words that are relevant and correctly understood in the modern times. It develops the concept of Brahman, a loving compassionate fluid that permeates all beings and the entire Creation. Only the inward senses can glimpse it, only a brave seeker can attempt the discovery. 6. Prashna
Upanishads are masterly texts, meant for a sincere and serious aspirant. Basic qualifications include a command over language and neatness in attire. Prerequisites most needed to imbibe the knowledge are:
- Readiness to serve with cheerfulness
- Discipline for a year with frugal lifestyle
- Truthfulness and candor in communication
Excerpt from Prashna Upanishad Verse 1.1
सुकेशा च भारद्वाजः शैब्यश्च सत्यकामः सौर्यायणी च गार्ग्यः कौसल्यश्चाश्वलायनो भार्गवो वैदर्भिः कबन्धी कात्यायनस्ते हैते ब्रह्मपरा ब्रह्मनिष्ठाः परं ब्रह्मान्वेषमाणा एष ह वै तत्सर्वं वक्ष्यतीति ते ह समित्पाणयो भगवन्तं पिप्पलादमुपसन्नाः ॥ १.१
sukeśā ca bhāradvājaḥ śaibyaśca satyakāmaḥ sauryāyaṇī ca gārgyaḥ kausalyaścāśvalāyano bhārgavo vaidarbhiḥ kabandhī kātyāyanaste haite brahmaparā brahmaniṣṭhāḥ paraṃ brahmānveṣamāṇā eṣa ha vai tatsarvaṃ vakṣyatīti te ha samitpāṇayo bhagavantaṃ pippalādamupasannāḥ ॥ 1.1
सुकेशा च भारद्वाजः शैब्यः च सत्यकामः सौर्यायणी च गार्ग्यः कौसल्यः च आश्वलायनः भार्गवः वैदर्भिः कबन्धी कात्यायनः ते ह एते ब्रह्मपराः ब्रह्मनिष्ठाः परं ब्रह्म अन्वेषमाणाः एषः ह वै तत् सर्वं वक्ष्यति इति ते ह समित्पाणयः भगवन्तं पिप्पलादम् उपसन्नाः ॥
ते m1/3 ह 0 Verily they;
1.1 The number 6 wants to ascend to 7. Symbolically 7 is the highest state, as the sahasrara chakra. Or 7 is the maximum no of items, objectives or milestones.
A method of quality control is named Six sigma. An earthquake of 6 magnitude is considered very strong. In cricket, a popular sport today, there are 6 balls in an over and 6 runs is the maximum hit off a ball. After 6 days of working we earn a weekend. Similarly 6 players make a team in volleyball. A honeycomb is a hexagon. In IELTS, a score of 6 is the minimum requirement to apply to a top school. Mathematically 6 is a perfect number. And in Yoga, Vedanta and fitness classes, the 6th sense is a prized – to be polished – faculty.
So this Upanishad is in the form of a dialog between 6 disciples and a Master. The 6 disciples do not mean six physical bodies. Rather it points to the fact that only after one has crossed 6 milestones or 6 levels does one possess enough qualification to aspire for the ultimate. In fact it also points to the basic principle in operation in a human socio-economic set-up. To attain to the top rung in any civil or military or spiritual context, advancing 6 levels is needed.
Another quality for the aspirant consists of साधन–चतुष्टय the 4 personality traits:
विवेकः Viveka, वैराग्यं Vairagya, षट् सम्पत्तिः Shat Sampatti, मुमुक्षुत्वं Mumukshutva.
So when an aspirant has cleared 6 stages in life and his personality reflects these 4 traits, he is qualified to enter the pure Brahman space.
6 such seekers got admission to Stanford, or IIT Bombay, or the Art of Living Ashram. They were asked to prove their mettle and display their capabilities by going through a rigorous orientation program for 12 months. The program also tested whether company policy and institute ground rules were properly adhered to by the entrants.
Prashna Upanishad is attributed to sage Pippalada and is in the Gopatha Brahmana of the Atharva Veda. This Upanishad gets its name from the word Prashna , which means “a Question” in Sanskrit.
It includes Sanskrit Grammar with padachheda and anvaya with case-vibhakti of each word, and a Latin transliteration of each verse.